New research quantifies how much speakers’ first language affects learning a new language

Language research has documented that people tend to draw inferences about speakers based on how they talk. These often implicit inferences can occur in the blink of an eye and can affect how smart we think someone is, how much we like them, and more. This is also the case for the non-native accents typically …

Lesson 4 – Asking directions.

  Amy: Hi Michael.  Michael: Hi Amy. What’s up?  Amy: I’m looking for the airport. Can you tell me how to get there?  Michael: No, sorry. I don’t know.  Amy: I think I can take the subway to the airport. Do you know where the subway is?  Michael: Sure, it’s over there.  Amy: Where? I …

Lesson 3 – What’s your name?

    John: Excuse me, what’s your name? Jessica: My name is Jessica. What’s yours? John: John. Jessica: You speak English very well. John: Thank you. Jessica: Do you know what time it is? John: Sure. It’s 5:10PM. Jessica: What did you say? John: I said its 5:10PM. Jessica: Thanks. John: You’re welcome.

Part I Language and Communities

The rest of Part I Language and Communities Book Name: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics Writer: Ronald Ward augh Summarized: Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D. Candidate  Page 32-61 Linguistically, Serbo-Croatian is a single south Slov language Used by two groups of people, the Serbs and Croasts, With somewhat different historical, cultural and religious backgrounds. There is a third …

23. Item response theory

23. Item response theory Writer: Gary J. Ockey Book: The Routledge Handbook of Language Testing Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D. Candidate Thursday, May 10, 2018 Introduction/definitions Item response theory (IRT) is an approach used to estimate how much of a latent trait an individual possesses. The theory aims to link individuals’ observed performances to a location on …

Discourse Analysis

Discourse Analysis Writer: Potter J pages: 607-616 out of 624 Saeed Mojarradi PhD student  Discourse is a central part of our lives. What we do with others we do by way of conversation, phone calls, letters and instructions. learning to talk is fundamental to learning the concert, and language provides the categories and terms for …

Chapter 3: Situated meanings and cultural models

Chapter 3: Situated meanings and cultural models Writer: James Paul Gee Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D. Candidate  Monday, April 16, 2018 “situated meanings” and “cultural models” involve ways of looking at how speakers and writers give language specific meanings within specific situations. To begin to develop a “situated” viewpoint on meaning (“situated” means “local, grounded in actual …

Chapter 1 Conceptions of validity

Chapter 1 Conceptions of validity Writer: Carol A. Chappelle Saeed Mojarradi PhD Candidate  Monday, May 21, 2018 For many test users, validity is seen as an essential quality of a language test because to them “a valid test” means “a good test.” Accordingly, test users frequently explain their search for a new test or their …

Chapter 5: Sounds in words: production

Chapter 5: Sounds in words: production Book name: first language acquisition Writer: Eve. Clark Saeed Mojarradi ;   Phd          Saturday, April 14, 2018 When children start to talk early in their second year, it’s often difficult to identify their first words. Take one year olds first production of the English word …