Scientists investigate cases of post-Covid-19 fatigue

Hannah Devlin Science correspondent Most people experience Covid-19 as a short-term illness – once the infection has been fought off, they bounce back to health. But evidence is emerging of a significant minority – sometimes referred to as “long haulers” – who struggle with long-term symptoms for a month or longer. Anecdotal reports have abounded …

MALNUTRITION

3 MALNUTRITION Understanding a printed text (1) The following text will introduce you to the topic of malnutrition. Look at the way it is divided into sections and paragraphs. Pay attention to the headings and notes in the margins and to the illustration and captions. 3.Malnutrition برای دریافت مطالب دیگر از این کتاب و مطالب …

Ask your Medical Questions

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Dr.Ahmad Ghandhari

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Input, interaction, and Second Language Acquisition

Chapter 6. Input, interaction, and Second Language Acquisition for Exam Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D Candidate It is axiomatic that in order for SLA to take place, there must be (1) some L2 data made available to the learner as input and (2) a set of internal learner mechanisms to account for how the L2 data are …

Individual learner differences and Second Language Acquisition

Chapter 5: Individual learner differences and Second Language Acquisition for Exam Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D Candidate Identification and classification of learner factors The identification and classification of the different individual factors has proved to be problematic. The main difficulty is that it is not possible to observe directly qualities such as aptitude, .motivation, or anxiety. These …

Interlanguage and the “natural” route of development for Exam

Chapter 3: Interlanguage and the “natural” route of development for Exam Summarized: Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D Candidate Chomsky stressed the active contribution of the child and minimized the importance of imitation and reinforcement. He claimed that the child’s knowledge of his mother tongue was derived from a Universal Grammar which specified the essential form that any …

The role of the first language for Exam

Chapter 2 The role of the first language for Exam Summarized: Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D Candidate It is a popular belief that second language acquisition (SLA) is strongly influenced by the learner’s first language (L1). The clearest support for this belief comes from ‘foreign’ accents in the second language (L2) speech of learners. When a Frenchman …