New research quantifies how much speakers’ first language affects learning a new language

Language research has documented that people tend to draw inferences about speakers based on how they talk. These often implicit inferences can occur in the blink of an eye and can affect how smart we think someone is, how much we like them, and more. This is also the case for the non-native accents typically …

Quantitative data analysis

Chapter 9 Quantitative data analysis Book Name: Research Methods in Applied Linguistics Writer: Zoltan Dornyei Summarized: Saeed Mojarradi Ph.D. Candidate    T.3     Saturday, October 6, 2018 Having collected quantitative data, the next step is to analyses it using a set of mathematical procedures, called ‘statistics’. These range from simple descriptive statistics such as calculating the mean …

Discourse Analysis and Grammar

Chapter 2 Discourse analysis and grammar Book name: Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers Written by : Michael McCarthy Summarized by : Saeed Mojarradi Introduction: The terms that are common in language teaching:    Clause, pronoun, adverbial, and conjunction:                      We use them in familiar ways and relate them less to these items:                                     Theme, rhyme, reference, …

Process – oriented Syllabuses – David Nunan

Chapter 4 Process –oriented syllabuses   pages 40-60 Book name: Syllabus Design Written by: David Nunan Summarized by: Saeed Mojarradi Syllabuses, in which the focus was the grammatical, functional and notional building blocks out of which courses of various types can be constructed. However in practice the new syllabuses were rather similar to those they were …

The Descriptivist

Chapter 3 The Descriptivist Book Name : Schools of Linguistics Writer : Geoffrey Sampson Summarized by Saeed Mojarradi PhD student Dr.Nader Assadi At the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century when Saussure was working out his ideas in Europe, synchronic linguistics was emerging independently, and in a very different style, …

Principles of Language Assessment

Chapter 2 Principles of Language Assessment        page 25-51 Book Name: Language Assessment Principles and Classroom Practice Written by: H. Douglas Brown and Priyanvada Abeywickrama Summarized by: S.Mojarradi                       How principles of language assessment can and should be applied to formal tests but with the ultimate recognition …