Chapter 2      Learning: Factors and Processes
Book name: Understanding Language teaching
Written by: Kumaravadivelu
Prepared by: Saeed Mojarradi -   Ph.D. student

Five major constructs that constitute the input-output chain:
Input
Intake
Intake factors
Intake processes
Output
2.1. Input 
Input may be operationally defined as oral and/ or written corpus of the target language (TL) to which L2 learners are exposed through various sources and recognized by them as language input.
This definition posits two conditions:
- Availability
- Accessibility
Availability: the first condition is rather obvious: either input has to be made available to learners or they have to seek it themselves.
-Interlanguage input: the still-developing language of the learners and of their peers with all its linguistically well-formed as well as deviant utterances.
-Simplified input: the grammatically and lexically simplified language that teachers, textbook writers and other component speakers use in and outside the classroom, while addressing language learners.
-Non-simplified input: the language of competent speakers without any characteristic features of simplification, that is, the language generally used in the media ( t.v , radio, and newspaper) and also the language used by competent speakers to speak and write to one another.

	
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Published by S Mojarradi

Studying Ph.D. in ELT | Listening To Lyric Music | Studying Novels | Retired | Loving Nature | People | Especially Paintings |

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